Nichols asked for and got permission from the National Wrestling Association, a subsidiary of the National Boxing Association, to hold a world's tournament for wrestlers weighing not more than 190 pounds. The National Wrestling Association was headed by colorful Harry J. Landry of Friars Point, Mississippi. Landry thought so much of Nichols' plan that he agreed to come to Hollywood and present the belt to the winner of the tournament. Winner of the tournament was a robust 190-pounder from the small township of Luray, Kansas, named Albion Britt. And the date engraved on the original junior heavyweight belt that was presented to the Kansas farm boy was August 14, 1934.
Britt came from a family of wrestlers. His father was a legend in middleweight wrestling around Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska. Albion learned his grappling from his father and also spent considerable time in Wyoming on the sheep ranch of Clarence Eklund, on of the greatest of all light heavyweights. Albion had difficulty keeping his weight within the required 190 pounds, and this could have been a factor in his defeat when he lost the World's Junior Heavyweight belt to Dude Chick of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Chick took the belt from Britt in the old downtown auditorium just off Market Street in San Francisco in 1936.
Dude also came from a wrestling family. His brother, Bobby, held the world's light heavyweight title and proved to be a great champion. Dude moved to Hollywood which was the stronghold of the junior heavyweights and began working as a movie cowboy in addition to his wrestling activities. One of Dude's life-long friends is the famous Gene Autry. In 1937 Chick ran afoul of a tough former Marine named Sgt. Bob Kenaston in San Diego and was beaten for the title in a real cliff-hanger of a match. Kenaston was strong and had a good Marine background of rough-and-tumble brawls in many a port. He hailed from Gold Hill, Oregon, and proved a tough nut to beat, but John Swenski, a clever and talented lad from Lynn, Massachusetts, was able to pin the Sergeant's shoulders to the canvas to cop the World's Junior Heavyweight belt in the spacious Tulsa, Oklahoma, Coliseum in January of 1939.
John proved a top hand at fighting off challengers. He had great speed and real scientific wrestling ability and frustrated all contenders for his newly-won belt until he climbed into the ring against LeRoy McGuirk, a former all-time college wrestling great from Oklahoma State University at Stillwater, Oklahoma. LeRoy had become too heavy for the Light Heavyweight Division after winning the championship in that class from the great Hugh Nichols, and was to become one of the junior heavyweight division's greatest stars. He downed Swenski in the Hollywood Legion Stadium in 1940 and beat off all pretenders to his throne for ten years (Transcriber's note: I was very tempted to change this sentence, but did not in spite of the sexual nature of the comment) until he was forced to give up the title because of blindness brought on by an automobile accident.
With McGuirk sidelined forever, the National Wrestling Association, still headed by the one and only Colonel Harry J. Landry, named McGuirk's hometown, Tulsa, OK, as the place where a tournament would be held to name a new champion.
All of the great names in the 190-pound division immediately headed for the Oklahoma town which McGuirk and his partner-manager, Sam Avey, had made one of the hot spots of wrestling in the entire country. Many great names in the junior heavyweight division fell by the wayside before Verne Gagne, a former Olympic team wrestler and national college champion at the University of Minnesota, wound up with the belt after taking a hard-fought bout from Sonny Myers of St. Joseph, Missouri. Gagne was growing all the time and soon found the chore of making the 190-pound limit a real problem. This could have been the major of his defeat when he lost the crown to Danny McShain, Arkansas-born, but a resident of Hollywood, California, before 10,000 fans in the Memphis, TN, Municipal Auditorium.
McShain became one of the all-time great drawing cards and his colorful style made the entire junior heavyweight division one of the standout classes in professional wrestling. but everything must end sometime and Danny made the mistake of risking his belt against a rugged Italian named Baron Leone in the Hollywood Legion Stadium in 1954. The Baron, who had a tremendous nationwide following on television, upset the prediction of many experts and flattened the strutting McShain. Wrestling was just getting a toehold on television screens throughout the nation and the matches at the Hollywood Stadium, and later at the downtown Los Angeles Olympic auditorium, were among the first to be filmed for television. It was quite natural that people in Atlanta, Memphis, St. Louis and other wrestling centers would want to see the stars who were being made on the brand new instrument of entertainment. Leone made a pot of money appearing in clubs throughout the country and decided to retire after he lost the world's belt to Ed Francis of Columbus, Ohio, in Tulsa, Okla., in 1956. Leone had sustained a neck injury some time prior to his title bout with Francis, and this loss made him determined to give up the mat sport for fear of becoming a permanent cripple. Luckily this did not happen and the Baron is basking in the sunlight each day at his plantation home in Santa Monica, California, no doubt dreaming of some of his great exploits in the grappling game. While a junior heavyweight, Leone wrestled the World's Heavyweight Champion Lou Thesz of St. Louis. This match was promoted by the late Johnny Doyle at Gilmore Stadium and it drew one of wrestling's all time record houses of 25,000 fans who paid a record gate of $103,000. Not a bad house even today.
Francis, who makes his bread as the promoter in Hawaii, was beaten for the world's crown in Oklahoma City in 1956 by a former college star from the University of Nebraska, Iron Mike DiBiase. Mike had been a national college champion and is remembered as one of the toughest linemen ever to wear a Nebraska football uniform. DiBiase was really a heavyweight and his effort to keep his weight down to the junior heavyweight limit so weakened him that he was never really up to par while defending the junior heavyweight belt.
This could have contributed to his defeat when he was beaten in 1957 by a newcomer to the midwestern circles, Irish Mike Clancy from Boston. Irish Mike became such a star among the junior heavyweights that he made his home in the center of the activity in this division, Tulsa, Okla. The Boston Irishman now works on the Sheriff's force in his adopted home. Clancy ruled the roost among the junior heavyweights for three years until 1958 when he ran afoul of Angelo Savoldi of Parsippany, J.J. in the Oklahoma City Coliseum. Savoldi edged Clancy after a Herculean battle and their numerous rematches were all-out warfare. Angelo developed into a great drawing card and battled his way to victories in every title defense for two years, until he ran into one of wrestling's all-time stars, Danny Hodge, of Perry, Oklahoma. Hodge had been a three-time National A.A.U. champion, and also a three-time winner of the National Collegiate medal in his weight division, something no other amateur wrestler in the country can boast. Danny also made history by moving into boxing after finishing up his collegiate career and after 39 amateur bouts he won the Golden Gloves Heavyweight Championship in the famous tournaments which were held each year in those days, at the Chicago Stadium. Hodge kayoed every opponent and when the Chicago team met the New York Golden Gloves winners Danny again cooled off his heavyweight opponent by a knockout in the second round. After a short stint at professional boxing, Hodge was encouraged to return to wrestling by the old-time champion, LeRoy McGuirk, who was and is the promoter in Oklahoma City and Tulsa. This move was a wise one for Danny because he fought his way straight to a title shot with Savoldi and in June of 1960 in Oklahoma City Danny outfought and outwrestled the very tough Angelo for the much coveted junior heavyweight belt.
Hodge appeared unbeatable and this about tells the story to date. Just about, that is, except that one night in 1964 Florida's Hiro Matsuda of Japan surprised the wrestling world by defeating the heretofore unbeatable Hodge in a televised match at Tampa, Florida. Danny immediately took off from his wrestling duties and went into strict training, with a picture of the tall Japanese champion pinning his shoulders to the canvas always in his mind.
Danny had won 39 straight matches while in college, all by pins, and the experience of being pinned himself was not a pleasant one. McGuirk outbid promoters throughout the country to land a rematch between Hodge and Matsuda and he succeeded in signing the bout for the newly constructed 10,000 seat Tulsa Civic Center Arena in January of 1965. It was one of the greatest battles ever seen in Oklahoma and the arena was a bedlam when Danny won the third and deciding fall from Matsuda to regain the championship.
And that's where the belt rests now. Right in Hodge's home at Perry, Oklahoma. Still a small town, Perry has about 5,300 citizens. Hodge is one of Oklahoma's all time greats and finding someone to defeat him for the belt looks impossible. Notable in the Junior Heavyweight Division history are four former college stars, McGuirk of Oklahoma State, Gagne of Minnesota, DiBiase of Nebraska and Hodge of Oklahoma University. All held the championship. McGuirk held the belt for a record of ten years before blindness overtook him and Hodge seems destined to break this record.
A final footnote to the Junior Heavyweight history. It has been impossible, in this short space, to name the many stars who have made this division one of the greatest in wrestling. Because of the increase in size of the heavyweights, many of whom now weigh 250 pounds or more, the National Wrestling Alliance, which took over as the leading organization in professional wrestling in 1947, has advanced the weight limit of the junior heavyweight division to a hefty 220 pounds. Had this limit been in effect all the time the junior heavyweight division has been in operation, some of those bothered by reducing to the then required 190 pounds, might have made this brief history considerably different.
If you want to see speed, and wrestling at its very best, don't forget to see the junior heavyweights in action the next chance you get.
EDITOR'S NOTE: After the great story on the history of the World's Junior Heavyweight Championship was prepared by LeRoy McGuirk and his staff in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a shocking development took place. On May 20th, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Danny Hodge lost the World's Junior Heavyweight Championship to Roger "Rip" Kirby. This title was clouded in controversy for several months but the matter was resolved at the National Wrestling Alliance convention in Mexico City on August 26th, when that body voted to confirm that Hodge had indeed lost the title and that Kirby had won a valid victory to become the current NWA World's Junior Heavyweight Champion.
(Article followed by the history of the title)
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